Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Measurement Of Impairment Individual Asset â€Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Talk About The Measurement Of Impairment Individual Asset? Answer: Introducation Resources whether unmistakable or elusive are the basic asset controlled by a substance over the span of its business. The benefits have their own financial worth and thus they are required to be represented sufficiently. Considering the need of appropriate bookkeeping and revelations of entitys huge resources in the budgetary reports, Accounting Standard Board has given certain measures according to the bookkeeping medicines to be given in different circumstances. Resource Impairment is one of those vital circumstances which requires suitable estimation and acknowledgment in the fiscal summaries of the organization. Weakness of an advantage has been characterized in the Australian bookkeeping standard as the circumstance when conveying estimation of the benefit surpasses the sum that is recoverable from that specific resource. Bookkeeping treatment to be followed in the event of hindrance of benefits is recommended in the AASB 136 gave by Australian Accounting Standard Board (Bond, Govendir Wells, 2016), (Ji, 2013). Any benefit whether it is a substantial resource or an impalpable one it might be exposed to hindrance contingent on its attributes. The advantages that might be weakened have been ordinarily recognized as plant and apparatus, property plant and gear, generosity licenses and the other immaterial resources. A hindrance misfortune on any individual resource must be perceived in the announcement of benefit and misfortune quickly as a cost (Amiraslani, Iatridis Pope, 2013). However, on the off chance that the revaluation hold is existing for that specific resource, weakness misfortune must be charged to the revaluation record to a degree revaluation save is conveying a credit equalization to cover the misfortune. Any measure of hindrance misfortune surpassing the equalization of revaluation save mu st be taken to the benefit or misfortune account (Vanza, Wells Wright, 2011). In any case, if the advantage isn't revalued beforehand the hindrance misfortune on such resource must be straightforwardly charged to the benefit or misfortune account. The organization should likewise uncover the reality of advantage hindrance in the money related reports as per the necessity of the bookkeeping standard. At consistently finishing the organization needs to survey with regards to whether there exists any sign about the benefit impedance. There are sure factors which may show the debilitation of a benefit. Such factors are characterized under two classes for example outside and inward factors (Laskaridou Vazakidis, 2013). Following are a portion of the components that many cast a sign of impedance: Outside elements: The market estimation of the advantage is diminished altogether than the normal decay out of because of ordinary utilization or taking a break during the revealing time frame (Comiskey Mulford, 2010). Unfriendly mechanical, efficient and lawful ecological changes in the market with which resource is related The pace of enthusiasm for the market or pace of ventures have been fundamentally expanded and such changes are likely going to contrarily impact the limiting rate which is utilized to decide the estimation of benefit. Interior variables: Out of date quality of advantage or the benefit is truly harmed. Proof of the most noticeably awful present or future financial execution of the advantage is accessible. Noteworthy antagonistic changes in the manners by which resource is by and by utilized or will be utilized in future. For example, cessation plans of the advantage or resource getting dispensable so ahead of schedule than the normal valuable life. There must be a basic evaluation of the data which shows the chance of disability of an advantage. Simply in the wake of thinking about the genuine confirmations of weakness sign, the impedance of an advantage must be estimated and perceived in the budget reports. When the benefit is hindered the conveying measure of the individual resource must be diminished to represent the weakness. The advantage is viewed as disabled when its conveying esteem surpasses the sum recoverable on that benefit. Conveying sum is the sum with which the benefit is being conveyed in the fiscal reports of the organization (Sun, Shipan Xia). This sum is determined by deducting the amassed deterioration from the authentic expense of the benefit. Recoverable measure of any advantage is the sum which is distinguished as higher of two qualities for example the incentive being used and the reasonable estimation of advantage. Incentive being used is the total of evaluated future incomes from the advantage. Recoverable sum is distinguished for each and every individual resource in this business until or except if the benefit don't create the inflows of money which are essentially relying upon incomes of other single or gathering of advantages. In the event that any of these two qualities surpasses the sum that is recorded in the fiscal summaries then the advantage is viewed as impeded (Amiraslani , Iatridis Pope, 2013). Thusly the sum with which the impedance misfortune is to be perceived in the fiscal summary is the contrast between the real conveying estimation of the advantage and the sum that is recoverable along these lines. While perceiving the weakness misfortune if the misfortune sum surpasses the conveying measure of the advantage, the organization may make an obligation with respect to it however this is just conceivable if there is a prerequisite of some other standard of bookkeeping. In the wake of perceiving the loss of impedance, the amortization cost or the rest of the devaluation charges consequently should be distributed to the amended conveying sum on a methodical premise (Trottier, 2013). Along these lines it is enthusiastically prescribed to the organizations having generosity or some other impalpable resources of like nature, to have a satisfactory arrangement of hindrance check for all the important and critical resources at yearly spans to maintain a strategic distance from the results of abrupt decrease in the estimations of the advantages. Anyway resources other than the elusive resources are required to checked for hindrance just when there signs of weakness. Decrease in the market estimation of the benefits than the advantages net an incentive after devaluation charges is a significant trigger for the Impairment testing. Nonetheless, it there is any expansion in the recoverable measure of a benefit more than its net resource esteem then such an addition must be overlooked. Resource Impairment requires quick acknowledgment as it a material misfortune in the financial estimation of the advantages. Part B Calculation of Impairment Loss of Gali Ltd. Sum. Plant less Accumulated deterioration 4,84,000.00 Hardware 1,11,000.00 Fittings 70,000.00 Stock 30,000.00 Generosity 25,000.00 All out 7,20,000.00 B. Recoverable sum (a) Value being used 6,45,000.00 B. Recoverable sum 6,45,000.00 C. Weakness Loss (A-B) 75,000.00 Designation of impedance misfortune Altruism 25,000.00 Land 18,196.00 Gathered Impairment Losses 31,804.00 Diary Entries of Impairment Loss for Gali Ltd Weakness Loss A/c Dr ... 75,000.00 To Goodwill A/c 25,000.00 To Equipment A/c 18,196.00 To Accumulated Impairment Losses 31,804.00 Gathered Impairment Losses A/c Dr 31,804.00 To Profit Loss A/c 31,804.00 References Amiraslani, H., Iatridis, G.E. what's more, Pope, P.F., 2013. Representing resource impairment.London: Cass Business School. Bond, D., Govendir, B. what's more, Wells, P., 2016. An assessment of benefit hindrances by Australian firms and whether they were affected by AASB 136.Accounting Finance,56(1), pp.259-288. Comiskey, E.E. what's more, Mulford, C.W., 2010. Generosity, activating occasions, and hindrance accounting.Managerial Finance,36(9), pp.746-767. Ji, K., 2013. Preferable late over never, the planning of generosity hindrance testing in Australia.Australian Accounting Review,23(4), pp.369-379. Laskaridou, E.C. what's more, Vazakidis, A., 2013. Identifying resource hindrance the executives: Some proof from food and refreshment recorded companies.Procedia Technology,8, pp.493-497. Sun, Shipan, and Xia Xu. Study on the Asset Impairment Accounting.International Journal of Business and Management5, no. 6 (2010): 199. Trottier, K., 2013. The impact of reversibility on a supervisor's choice to record resource impairments.Accounting Perspectives,12(1), pp.1-22. Vanza, S., Wells, P.A. also, Wright, A., 2011. Resource debilitation and the divulgence of private data.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Parallels: The Influence of Lady Macbeth and the Three Witches Essay

All through a person’s life, there are numerous things, similar to outsiders or the media, that impact how an individual will carry on. The principle factor in this impact will in general be the individuals in their lives that they are nearest as well. In some cases the impact of individuals can altogether change an individual †regardless of whether positively, or a terrible way. In the play _Macbeth_, composed by William Shakespeare, there are numerous instances of awful impacts transforming somebody for the most exceedingly awful. Through the impact of the three witches and Lady Macbeth, Macbeth is changed into a terrible individual. By the three witches and his significant other, Macbeth is impacted through his unquestioning trust in them, and the control of his considerations. Putting an excess of trust into the three witches and Lady Macbeth is the thing that helped change Macbeth into an awful individual. At the point when Macbeth initially meets the witches with Banquo, Macbeth is told three predictions by them. The principal he definitely knew to be valid. Later on, he discovers that the following prescience additionally works out for him. This at that point makes him sure that the third prescience †that he will become ruler †will likewise materialize. It tends to be seen that he believes the witches words when he says, â€Å"Two certainties are told,/As cheerful preambles to the expanding demonstration/Of the magnificent theme.† (I.iii.137-139) Be that as it may, whenever Macbeth goes to see the witches for additional predictions, Macbeth demonstrates that he is placing an excess of trust into the witches. This time they give him another three predictions. In the wake of hearing these predictions Macbeth says, â€Å"Whate’er thou workmanship, for thy great alert, thanks;† (IV.i.79) When Macbeth hears the predictions he doesn't address them, however rather becomes arrogant in the witches’ words. While conversing with Lennox after the witches vanish he even says: Time, thou foresees my fear abuses: The unpredictable reason never is o’erook Unless the deed go with it: from thisâ moment, The very firstlings of my hear will be The firstlings of my hand. Furthermore, even now, To crown my considerations with acts, be it thought and done; (IV.i.158-163) This demonstrates Macbeth’s trust in the witches made him rash and made him follow up on the entirety of his awful choices without pondering them. In like manner, Macbeth’s trust in woman Macbeth made him into a terrible individual also. Subsequent to getting the predictions and advising his better half about it, Macbeth didn't know that he could really proceed with the homicide of Duncan. Be that as it may, Lady Macbeth said to him, â€Å"To change favor ever is to fear:/Leave all the rest to me.† (I.v.80-81) This shows how sure she was in her arrangement to murder Duncan. She depicted it as the privilege and just activity. Since Macbeth had such a great amount of trust in her, he let her influence him into turning into a killer. Nonetheless, despite the fact that his trust in Lady Macbeth drove Macbeth to murder one individual, his trust in the witches drove him to have numerous individuals slaughtered, which shows that his trust in the witches impacted him in transforming him into a terrible individual. Along these lines, by confiding in the witches and getting excessively careless with his choices and believing Lady Macbeth to persuade him to kill, Macbeth has demonstrated that he has been changed into an awful individual. Having Macbeth’s musings controlled by the three witches and his significant other additionally changed Macbeth into a terrible individual. Macbeth appeared to be flawlessly typical before he met the witches. He had quite recently battled in a war for his nation and was at that point the thane of Glamis. Not once did Macbeth ever specify being troubled about his present life. In any case, when Macbeth meets the three witches just because they are the first to place dull thoughts into his head. The witches disclose to him three predictions: he will be thane of Glamis, thane of Cawdor, and lord. Macbeth definitely realized he was the thane of Glamis, and soon after an aristocrat of Scottland by the name of Ross discovers Macbeth and says to him: What's more, for a sincere of a more prominent respect, He bade me, from him, call thee thane of Cawdor: In which expansion, hail, most commendable thane! For it is thine. (I.iii.109-112) Subsequent to hearing this Macbeth realizes he is the new thane of Cawdor, which implied the witches’ initial two predictions were correct. To Macbeth this implied the third prediction of him turning out to be top dog must be valid also, however then he begins to get some dull thoughts in his mind in view of the witches predictions. To himself he says: This otherworldly requesting Cannot be sick; can't be acceptable: assuming sick, Why hath it given me sincere of accomplishment, Initiating in a fact? †¦ Assuming great, for what reason do I respect that proposal Whose awful picture doth unfix my hair Also, make my situated heart thump at my ribs, Against the utilization of nature? Present feelings of trepidation Are not exactly terrible imaginings: (I.iii.140-148) Similarly, Macbeth’s spouse controls his contemplations by making him think he isn't a lot of a man. After Lady Macbeth knew about the news that Macbeth would become lord, she turned out to be sure to the point that ruler Duncan needed to kick the bucket †Macbeth needed to kill him. So she examined it with her better half. Anyway when she understands that Macbeth isn't sure he needs to execute Duncan she says to him: At the point when you durst do it, at that point you were a man; What's more, to be more than what you were, you would Be far beyond man †¦ (I.vii.54-56) To get her better half to submit the homicide, Lady Macbeth assaults the amount of a man he truly is. This fundamentally causes Macbeth to feel useless and have the abrupt inclination to demonstrate his masculinity. He doesn't immediately proceed to murder Duncan, however this control of his considerations by his better half truly gets to him, and is a primary factor in why he in the end executed Duncan. In any case, despite the fact that the three witches and Lady Macbeth both controlled his contemplations, Lady Macbeth impacted creation Macbeth into an awful individual. After his experience with the three witches, Macbeth despite everything had settled on no definite choice to really execute Duncan. Then again, Lady Macbeth †the one individual that Macbeth genuinely thinks about the most †persuades him to do the murdering. Without her impact Macbeth would not have submitted the homicide and probably won't have become the awful individual he became. In this manner, through the witches placing dull thoughts into his head and his better half assaulting his masculinity, Macbeth is impacted into turning into a terrible individual. Taking everything into account, the three witches and Lady Macbeth had the most impact on Macbeth in the play. They affected him into turning into an awful individual. Their maltreatment of Macbeth’s trust, and control of his considerations drove him to get careless, get dull thoughts in his mind, lastly submit different homicides. His trust in the witches made him execute numerous individuals, yet without tuning in to Lady Macbeth and doing as she let him know, he could never have submitted the main homicide of Duncan. This homicide was the actuating occurrence that drove him to his defeat, and demonstrated he turned into a terrible individual. This demonstrates Lady Macbeth was an increasingly pessimistic impact on Macbeth turning into an awful individual. WORKS CITED Shakespeare, William. Macbeth. Harcourt Brace and Company Canada, 1988.

Tuesday, August 18, 2020

Oral Antifungal Drug Interactions With Psych Meds

Oral Antifungal Drug Interactions With Psych Meds Bipolar Disorder Treatment Medications Print Why Oral Antifungal Drug Interactions With Psych Meds Can Be Dangerous By Marcia Purse Marcia Purse is a mental health writer and bipolar disorder advocate who brings strong research skills and personal experiences to her writing. Learn about our editorial policy Marcia Purse Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on August 05, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on August 07, 2019 Hero Images / Getty Images More in Bipolar Disorder Treatment Medications Symptoms Diagnosis Have thrush? Athletes foot? A vaginal infection? Jock itch? Before you treat yourself, you need to know whether any of the medications you are taking will interact with treatments for conditions like athletes foot. Some antidepressants and antipsychotics, in particular, can react badly to antifungal medications Some antifungal drugs are designed to be taken orally -- for example, to treat yeast infections in the mouth and throat, such as thrush. The risk of drug interaction is higher with oral drugs than the topical applications sold over the counter. Athletes foot is caused by a fungus, as are vaginal infections and jock itch. The common treatments for these conditions, called antifungals, usually come in creams, sprays, and powders. There are dozens of over-the-counter medications for fungus, the best known including Lotrimin, Monistat, Lamisil, Tinactin, and Desenex. Lesser-known brands abound, and major drugstore chains often have their own generic versions. The availability of antifungal medications makes it seem like they must be perfectly safe to use, and in fact, if you look up, for example, Lotrimin warnings, you find that it says no food and drug interactions have been reported. Yet if you look deeper, youll find that there ?are known drug interactions and  lots of them. Active Ingredients in Antifungal Medications The most common active ingredients in antifungal medications are: ClotrimazoleMiconazoleTerbinafineTolnaftate Some fungus treatments have other active ingredients such as ketoconazole and butenafine. Only tolnaftate and butenafine are not expected to interact with other medications. Clotrimazole, miconazole, terbinafine, and ketoconazole list moderate to severe drug interactions, including with psychiatric medications. Clotrimazole, Miconazole, and Ketoconazole Interactions With Psychiatric Medications All the azoles can interact with certain psychiatric medications when used regularly. For example: These drugs may cause a significant increase in blood plasma levels of trazodone.Ketoconazole used daily for 14 days increased the plasma concentration of Abilify (aripiprazole) about 70%.Azoles used with Seroquel (quetiapine) can increase the plasma level to the point where the person using both may experience excessive drowsiness, fast or irregular heartbeat, dizziness, fainting, or extrapyramidal side effects.Azoles used with calcium channel blockers may cause such symptoms as swelling of the lower extremities, sudden, unexplained weight gain, difficulty breathing, chest pain or tightness, and dizziness or fainting.The product labels for Xanax (alprazolam) and Halcion (triazolam) both recommend against the use of any azole antifungal agent. Valiums label specifically mentions ketoconazole. This is just a sampling of the possible interactions of azole fungus treatments for conditions like athletes foot with psychiatric drugs. In addition, the active ingredient terbinafine can increase plasma levels of several antidepressants, particularly the tricyclics. Nortriptyline intoxication has been noted after steady use of terbinafine antifungals. The only medication for oral thrush considered safe is nystatin, which is swished in the mouth, then swallowed. It is not absorbed into the bloodstream. The Bottom Line on Antifungal Drug Interactions Whether you develop athletes foot or some other fungus infection, dont reach blindly for an over-the-counter treatment if you take any medications,  not just psychiatric drugs. Ask the pharmacist about possible interactions and/or check with your doctor. They may recommend that you use a treatment containing butenafine and tolnaftate, and/or it may be necessary to adjust the dosage of one or more medications you are currently taking during the time you need to use the antifungal treatment. If you are prescribed an oral antifungal drug, make sure your doctor knows about all your existing medications. How to Avoid Harmful Medication Interactions

Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Tempest By William Shakespeare - 1232 Words

Qiuyu Tian(Damon) 11/19/2014 Core-106 Professor John Holzwarth Long Paper Assignment Throughout The Tempest by William Shakespeare, there is a complex interplay that is defined by the different characters that has extraordinary sense of styles. For instance, the protagonist Prospero, who can be defined as a magus or duke, shows the audience the clear personality traits insipidly with the process of the story. On the other hand, Caliban, who is Prospero’s dark, earthy slave, who is the son of a witch-hag, and the only native on the island. He is an extremely complex character in the play, even he is not the main character of the play, and seems as a totally different role as Prospero. He shares the similarities with the protagonist Prospero. The play was written in 1623, when the European countries were in the midst of their age of exploration. Pioneers and navigators from those European countries like England and Spain were traveling all around the world and brought thousands of new ideas and stories about the world. Shakespeare was also one of the members in the Virginia Company, â€Å"which refers collectively to a Joint stock company chartered by James 1 on 10 April 1606 with the purposes of establishing settlements on the coast of North America.†(Cite) Thus, even Caliban and Prospero shares some similarities with each other, they refer to two different worlds, the savage world and the civilized Europe. The Prospero’s final victory to get his dukedom, revenge to his enemiesShow MoreRelatedThe Tempest By William Shakespeare1603 Words   |  7 PagesShakespeare’s play, The Tempest, power is manifested in several forms: the investigation of the power of love, the power of magic and illusion, or the power of nature. However, in The Tempest, power is most clearly defined as dominance. Throughout the play, there is a universal pursuit of dominance over other people, dominance over property, or dominance over cultural ideals. These pursuits of dominance are used in an attempt to further ones author ity, and, ultimately, one’s life. In The Tempest, a motif ofRead MoreThe Tempest By William Shakespeare1705 Words   |  7 PagesLiterature Mr. Nath 5 December 2014 The Tempest Written between 1610 and 1611, The Tempest by William Shakespeare is the final play penned by the famous Bard. The play portrays the illusory struggle of power and conscience through the character of Prospero and his egocentric motives. Politically, the play can be seen as an analysis of important political issues relevant to that of oppression and imperialistic tendencies of the time. Artistically, The Tempest emphasizes the nature of art, more prominentlyRead MoreThe Tempest By William Shakespeare1351 Words   |  6 Pagescritique rank’s Shakespeare’s ‘The Tempest’ as one of the most preeminent and descriptive plays addressing the role of colonial power and conquest in literature. One of Shakespeare’s last plays, ‘The Tempest’ explores the direct parallel between the working proletariats and wealthy bourgeois. Therefore the focuses of this paper are the implications of hegemony and class alienation, the commoditization of human subc lasses, and the commonalities with â€Å"The Tempest† and Shakespeare’s life. The analysisRead MoreThe Tempest By William Shakespeare Essay1215 Words   |  5 PagesThe greatest playwright of English literature was William Shakespeare. His final play that he wrote alone was The Tempest, the story of how the former Duke of Milan, Prospero, returned to power after being exiled on an island for twelve years. While reading The Tempest, it is hard not to notice the ambivalence of the character of Prospero. Consequently, the character’s motivation and subsequent characteristics are solely defined by the reader. Typically, Prospero is seen as driven by either revengeRead MoreThe Tempest by William Shakespeare1042 Words   |  4 Pages William Shakespeare uses the events of the plot to present a theme of how a lust for power can drive actions. The specific settings of scenes help clarify the desires for power in the characters and how they plan to achieve them. The Tempest provides insight, through Prospero, into the question of how our decisions reveal our character. The Tempest is filled with examples of strong manipulation and how much is too much. The title of this play used both literally and metaphorically explains the overallRead MoreThe Tempest by William Shakespeare1858 Words   |  8 PagesWilliam Shakespeare’s The Tempest refines his portrayal of nature from the earlier play A Midsummer Night’s Dream. In A Midsummer Night’s Dream, nature is shown to be mysterious presence that blurs the lines between reality and illusion; it is a magical force that is unreachable and incomprehensible for human beings. A Midsummer Night’s Dream gives nature a mischievous, playful, dreamlike feel because in this play nature interferes for the sake of love. The Tempest breaks down the barrier that dividesRead MoreThe Tempest By William Shakespeare899 Words   |  4 PagesThe tempest by William Shakespeare is a story about a man named Prospero and his daughter Miranda. Within the story Prospero does almost everything for his daughter. Prospero takes one the mother’s role and finds Miranda a fiance. Telling her the truth about how they came about to end up on the island. Prospero protecting Miranda at all costs making sure nothing hurts her. The Attitude prospero has towards Miranda when compared to the attitude towards others. Thought some of the things he s doneRead MoreThe Tempest By William Shakespeare950 Words   |  4 PagesThe Tempest is a play that seems to be about a group of shipwrecked nobles, when in actuality it is a critique of the destructive effects of one group forcing its ideas on another. William Shakespeare wrote The Tempest in the early 1600’s, a time when England was beginning to assert itself as a superpower by colonizing other countries. In The Tempest Prospero is a callous character who mistreats Caliban, and as a result, Caliban becomes resentful and bitter, but unable to rule himself; ultimatelyRead MoreThe Tempest By William Shakespeare1446 Words   |  6 PagesThe Tempest is a play written by William Shakespeare around 1610 toward the end of his career as a poet and playwright. The Tempest fits in the genre of tragicomedy. The genre blends aspects of tragedy and romance together which are depicted in a humorous way. The Tempest is set on an island where its location is unspecified. The play finds Prospero and Miranda, ousted former Duke of Milan and his daughter, living in exile on an island with Caliban, its lone native inhabitant. Change affects theRead MoreThe Tempest By William Shakespeare2017 Words   |  9 PagesThe Tempest is one of Shakespeare’s most well-known plays, and as such, has been examined in many different ways by many different people. In the world of literature, there are a few different distinct styles of review that are used to examine works of literature, these are called schools of critique or critical lenses. All of these schools serve a purpose in examining different themes in a work depending on the work, and the tempest is no exception. The Tempest has many sub themes in the story

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Santiago Calatrava, Biography of the Architect Engineer

Famous for his bridges and train stations, Spanish modernist Santiago Calatrava (born July 28, 1951) combines artistry with engineering. His graceful, organic structures have been compared to the works of Antonio Gaudà ­. Fast Facts: Santiago Calatrava Known For: Spanish architect, structural engineer, sculptor and painter, particularly known for his bridges supported by single leaning pylons as well as his railway stations, stadiums, and museums, whose sculptural forms often resemble living organisms.Born: July 28, 1951Education: Valencia Arts School, Valencia Architecture School (Spain), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, SwitzerlandAwards and Honors: London Institution of Structural Engineers Gold Medal, Toronto Municipality Urban Design Award, Gold Medal for Excellence in the Fine Arts from the Granada Ministry of Culture, Prince of Asturias Award in Arts, AIA Gold Medal, Spanish National Architecture Award Important Projects 1989-1992: Alamillo Bridge, Seville, Spain1991: Montjuic Communications Tower, at the 1992 Olympic site in Barcelona, Spain1996: City of Arts and Sciences, Valencia, Spain1998: Gare do Oriente Station, Lisbon, Portugal2001: Milwaukee Art Museum, Quadracci Pavilion, Milwaukee, Wisconsin2003: Ysios Wine Estate Laguardia, Spain2003: Tenerife Concert Hall in Santa Cruz, Tenerife, Canary Islands2004: Olympic Sports Complex, Athens, Greece2005: The Turning Torso, Malmà ¶, Sweden2009: Train Station, Lià ¨ge, Belgium2012: Margaret McDermott Bridge, Trinity River Corridor Bridges, Dallas, Texas2014: Innovation, Science and Technology (IST) Building, Lakeland, Florida2015: Museu do Amanhà £ (The Museum of Tomorrow), Rio de Janeiro2016: World Trade Center Transportation Hub, New York City Career Highlights A renowned architect, engineer, and sculptor, Santiago Calatrava received an AIA commemorative gold medallion in 2012 as one of the 15 Architects of Healing for his transportation hub design, the new train and subway station at the World Trade Center site in New York City. Calling Calatravas work open and organic, the New York Times declared that the new terminal would evoke the kind of uplifting spirituality that is needed on Ground Zero. Santiago Calatrava is not without his critics. In the world of architecture, Calatrava is typecast as more of an arrogant engineer than a designer. The vision of his aesthetics is often not well-communicated, or perhaps is absent from his designs. More importantly, perhaps, is his well-known reputation of unsupervised workmanship and cost overruns. Many of his projects have ended up in various legal systems as expensive buildings seem to deteriorate quickly into disrepair. It is hard to find a Calatrava project that has not been significantly over budget, reports The New York Times. And complaints abound that he is indifferent to the needs of his clients. Rightfully or not, Calatrava has been placed in the starchitect category, with all of its associated back-biting and egotism. Sources Santiago Calatrava Official Site Santiago Calatrava (unofficial web site)Santiago Calatrava: The Worlds Most Hated Architect? by Karrie Jacobs, Fast Company Design, December 18, 2014Santiago Calatrava, from the Canary Islands to Manhattan Island by Fred A. Bernstein, published in The New York Times, October 26, 2003Its the Architecture, Not The Architect, Im Rooting For by Fred A. Bernstein, published in Architectural Record, December 2013Santiago Calatrava The Bridges by Alexander Tzonis and Rebeca Caso Donadei, 2005Santiago Calatrava: Complete Works, Expanded Edition by Alexander Tzonis, Rizzoli, 2007Transit Hub Design May Be Simplified Analysis of plans for reconstruction in New York City, from the New York Times. A Star Architect Leaves Some Clients Fuming by Suzanne Daley, The New York Times, September 24, 2013

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

American Aviation During Wwi Free Essays

U. S. Aviation during World War I American aviation was in its infancy when the United States entered WWI in 1917. We will write a custom essay sample on American Aviation During Wwi or any similar topic only for you Order Now Most U. S. pilots were untrained in air combat and using aircraft that were less sophisticated than their enemies. When the U. S. joined the allied forces in April of 1917, it had 56 pilots and less than 250 aircraft, which were all obsolete. In July of 1917, congress appropriated $640 million to form 354 combat squadrons. There were no industries in the U. S. at this time manufacturing aircraft. With a few trial and errors supported by the government, the Bureau of Aircraft Production and a separate Division of Military Aeronautics were established. The new industry produced 11,754 aircraft and the Army set up 27 primary flying schools in the United States. American pilots would not be able to utilize these resources until the end of the war. Many of the sorties flown by U. S. aviators were in foreign aircraft. Some of the airframes used were the Salmson observation airplanes, Spad XIII pursuits, Havilland DH-4’s, Breguet 14’s, and some French balloons. Although many of these airframes helped win decisive air battles, they were no comparison to the German Fokker. Fokker was a Dutch aircraft manufacturer that began producing planes in Germany. The â€Å"Fokker Scourge† had revolutionary armament and was the most feared airframe during WWI. An American pilot by the name of Eddie Rickenbacker recalls in his book â€Å"Fighting The Flying Circus† an opportunity to trade a German pilot his life for his Fokker aircraft. Although the United States aviation units lacked training and sufficient aircraft, they were still able to make a difference in WWI and go on to have air superiority almost one hundred years later. This could be accredited to winning decisive battles and the U. S. being a â€Å"learning organization. † With the employment of balloons and fixed wing aircraft for trench warfare {text:soft-page-break} reconnaissance, the U. S. was able to save thousands of soldiers while delivering bombs and bullets from the sky. American military leadership saw the importance of this resource and has budgeted in reconnaissance aircraft ever since. With trench warfare, a stalemate would often develop with both sides having neither an advantage nor a disadvantage. Having air reconnaissance would prove to be valuable in collecting intelligence on enemy positions. These same aircraft would be fitted with bombs to clear forward enemy trench lines and to destroy their rear supply. Air recon planes were outfitted with an observer who would map out enemy strongholds while documenting the size and weapons of the enemy. Aerial reconnaissance later on becomes one the main focuses of the U. S. military. Reconnaissance aircraft during WWI were large, bulky, and slow. This made it easier for enemy ground troops to shoot down and smaller, faster aircraft to destroy. The Allied and Axis powers both began to send out fighter aircraft to protect these recon planes and to destroy any enemies they came in contact with. This use of smaller, faster, well armed aircraft helped usher in the age of supersonic fighters in modern day warfare. WWI demonstrated the importance of fighters and the U. S. has invested a lot of resources and research into their improvement. The United States was involved in various amounts of strategic battles during the last two years of the war. Some of these battles would mark the beginning of America’s race for air superiority and the need for heavily-armed aircraft. At the Battle of St. Mihiel, Billy Mitchell was given control of 1, 4821 aircraft, only 40% being American. â€Å"It was the largest air force ever assembled for a single operation, consisting of 366 observation airplanes, 323 day bombers, 91 night bombers, and 701 pursuits. † Pilots reported the destruction of roads and balloons and {text:soft-page-break} aircraft shot down. The American Air Service being inexperienced in air warfare were undertaking an ambitious air campaign that was unheard of at that time. Although St. Mihiel was not a complete success, Col. Mitchell helped create an independent American Air Force that believes that whatever the opposition is, no mission would ever be turned back. Billy Mitchell took intensive courses on aeronautics taught by allied pilots. â€Å"What they had to say and even more, what they were doing, converted him to a theory of air power still unappreciated in the United States. Billy Mitchell understood the importance of air power and how vital it would be to win future wars. He believed this so much that in 1925, he accused Army and Navy leaders of an almost â€Å"treasonable act of national security† when he did not receive the funds asked for. Mitchell was court-martialed and retired shortly afterwards. He has been considered the father of the U. S. Air Force and B-25 Mitchell was named in his honor. D uring WWI, Germany had established air superiority with its flying command â€Å"The Flying Circus† led by the German Ace, Baron Manfred von Richtofen. The â€Å"Red Baron†, hich he was commonly known, had eighty aerial victories. The Baron and his fleet of Fokker’s would be America’s biggest challenge in getting the upper hand in aerial warfare. Captain Edward Rickenbacker, of the American 94th Aero Pursuit Squadron, was just the man to take on such a powerful foe and make a difference. â€Å"Eddie† Rickenbacker was America’s â€Å"Ace of Aces† who accounted for twenty-six aircraft shot down. Twenty-two of airframes were airplanes and four of them were balloons. On September 25th, 1918, Rickenbacker downed two planes on his lone attack on seven German planes. Rickenbacker received the Congressional Medal of Honor for this in 1931. {text:soft-page-break} Captain Rickenbacker was not only an exceptional pilot, but he understood the importance of having a great airframe in the U. S. Army’s arsenal. Rickenbacker, and many other U. S. pilots, only had access to substandard aircraft and in many cases, had to borrow from other countries. During a raid in September of 1918, Captain Rickenbacker and Lt. Coolidge (son of Calvin Coolidge) encountered several German enemies over Grand Pre. Lt. Coolidge, one of the best pilots in the 94th Aero Pursuit Squadron, was shot down. Rickenbacker went on to shoot down several German planes before heading back to Allied territory. Rickenbacker noticed a German Fokker on his way back who’s engine had apparently stalled. Rickenbacker found himself in a curious position and decided that instead of shooting him down, he would bring his â€Å"prize† back intact. As the German Fokker began to sail down in the direction Rickenbacker had guided him, another aircraft (Rickenbacker was not sure if it was French or American) came out of nowhere and destroyed the plane. â€Å"So nearly had I succeeded in capturing intact a most valuable Fokker from Germany’s most famous Squadron! Captain Rickenbacker and many other American pilots understood the importance of having the upper hand in air warfare. They understood that wars can be won from the sky and great aircraft were needed for this to happen. More pilots lives were lost due to aircraft malfunction than to enemy artillery. Life was short during World W ar I and American pilots lived it valiantly. This brought the need for safer, reliable aircraft in the U. S. military. With the military’s purchase of 11,754 aircraft near the end of the war, the U. S. was on its way to air superiority. Some of these planes were cut from the budget after WWI, but soon became a focus during World War II. {text:soft-page-break} Aeronautical achievement by the end of World War I, had won favor not only by the American military, but with the American public. H. G. Wells writes â€Å"Every aviator who goes up to fight, will fight all the more gladly with two kindred alternatives in his mind, a knighthood or the prompt payment of a generous life assurance policy to his people. Every man who goes up and destroys either an aeroplane or a Zeppelin in the air should, I hold, have a knighthood if he gets down alive. World War I battles involving aviation helped spark America’s race for air superiority. Military leadership recognized the role aviation would play in future wars and protecting our homeland. More funds and resources were generated to acquire the best aircraft and the best pilots. Without American involvement in such battles as the â€Å"Battle of St. Mihiel†, Americ a might have joined the aerospace race even later and met with defeat. Billy Mitchell and Eddie Rickenbacker were also very important players to bring about the new dawn of American aviation, Aerospace Expeditionary Forces. How to cite American Aviation During Wwi, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Karl Marx Persuasive Essay Example For Students

Karl Marx Persuasive Essay Karl MarxKarl Marx was a German scholar who lived in the nineteenth century. Hespent most of his life studying, thinking and writing about history andeconomics. A many years of study, much of it spent in England, he believedthat he understood more deeply than anyone who had ever lived before himwhy there is injustice i world. He said that all injustice and inequality is a result of oneunderlying conflict in society. He called it a class struggle, that is,a conflict bet the class of people who can afford to own money- producingbusinesses, whom he called capitalists or the bourgeosie, and theclass of people who do not surplus money to buy businesses and who aretherefore forced to work for wage whom he called workers. Marx said that, because it was always in the economic interest ofcapita to take advantage of or exploit workers, nothing could persuadecapitalists change their ways. In other words, peaceful progess towardequality and social justice was impossible. The only way to establishjustice, he said, was for t workers to overthrow the capitalists by meansof violent revolution. He urged workers around the world to revolt againsttheir rulers. Workers of the world unite! he wrote. You have nothing tolose but your chains.Another thing Marx taught was that organized religion, the churches,help capitalists to keep the workers quiet and obedient. Religion,according to Mar the opiate of the masses. The church tells workingpeople to forget about the injustice they meet in their lives and to thinkinstead of how wonderful it will in the after- life when they go to heaven. Marx, with his colleague, Engels, spread his ideas in two famousbooks, Capital and The Communist Manifesto. In the early years of the twentieth century, Russia was ready for theide Marx. The Russian people were extremely discontented with their ruler,Tsar Nicholas II, who had little interest in governing and was neglectingthe count badly. Making conditions even more miserable for the people werethe hardships the First World War and a particularly cold winter. By 1917, the Russian people were desperate enough to accept arevolution. fact, they got two for the price of one, the first in Marchwhen the Tsar was deposed and a provisional government was set up. Then inNovember a political called the Bolsheviks led a further rebellion whichousted the provisional government. The leaders of the Bolsheviks, Lenin andTrotsky, began to build a Russia, one built on the ideas of Marx, whereeveryone was equal, where all property was owned by the people ratherthan by capitalists and where the two were in control of the government. Not long afterward, Communist Russia was attacked by Britain, Americaand France, who wanted to get rid of the communist government. They wereafraid the workers in their own countries might be inspired to imitate theexample of Rus Trotsky, a highly intelligent and energetic communistleader, led the defence Russia with great success. After Lenins death in 1924, a power struggle began between Trotskyand a leader within the Communist Party named Stalin. While Trotsky was abrilliant intellectual and an idealist, Stalin was a simpler, quieter sortof person, who based his power not so much on plans and ideas as onalliances with other member of the Communist Party. While Trotsky believedin Russias trying to assist two all over the world to rise up in communistrevolutions against their bosses, S wanted Russia to take care of its ownbusiness. The rivalry between the two leaders went on for several years. .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae , .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae .postImageUrl , .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae , .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae:hover , .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae:visited , .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae:active { border:0!important; } .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae:active , .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u295a5863bc28b1b5ed5a8d27050a50ae:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Passion and Revenge in The White Devil EssayEventually 1929 Stalin gained the upper hand and drove Trotsky from Russia. Stalin later up a scheme to industrialize the backward country which hecalled the Five-Yea Plan. It included a number of Trotskys ideas whichStalin had previously opposed. As Russia developed under Stalin, members of the Communist Party tookfor themselves many privileges. All the original communist ideals of Marxreceived service, but it became clearer and clearer that members of theCommunist Party becoming a ruling class that was not equal to non-members. Most important of all to Stalin was ensuring that he remained inpower. H often used the most brutal tactics. Chief among his creations weretwo highly effective political weapons an efficient propaganda machinewhich more and m promoted the idea of Stalin as a great, nearly god-likeleader, and a secret p force which kept the country quiet through the useof terror. At one point during his rule,